Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)

In 2015, Canada introduced the new Express Entry system for processing applications to most federal economic immigration programs. All three programs under the Express Entry system are highly competitive. Immigration candidates are ranked against one another and only the highest-ranking candidates are selected to become Canadian permanent residents.

In order to rank immigration candidates, the Canadian government developed a merit-based points system that assigns a score to each candidate in the Express Entry pool. This points system is called the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), and the score assigned to each candidate is called the CRS score. Express Entry manages three programs:

  • Federal Skilled Worker (FSW)

  • Federal Skilled Trades (FST)

  • Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

Any person who submits a profile to the Express Entry pool of candidates is assigned a CRS score out of 1200 points. Approximately every two weeks, the Canadian government conducts an Express Entry draw, where they issue a round of Invitations to Apply (ITAs) for permanent residence to the highest-ranking candidates. Note that IRCC does not disclose information regarding the date of the draw, number of ITAs that will be issued, or minimum required CRS score in advance of the draw.

CRS Score

The tables below explain how many points Express Entry candidates may receive for each factor under the Comprehensive Ranking System.

Summary of maximum points per factor for Express Entry candidates
FactorsMaximum Points Available
A. Core / Human Capital Factors460 (with spouse)
500 (without spouse)
B. Spouse or Common-Law Factors40
C. Skill Transferability Factors100
D. Additional Points600
Maximum Total Points1200
How to improve your CRS Score?

Express Entry draws are held periodically, usually once every 2 weeks. So you always have the options for increasing your CRS points score before applying for a subsequent draw in Express Entry. There are several ways to increase your CRS score in case you do not fulfill the CRS cut-off requirement in the particular draw. You can thus improve your CRS score and attain the required points for getting an ITA - Invitation to Apply for the Canada PR Visa in the upcoming Express Entry draw.
Here are a few ways for improving your CRS score:

Improve your language score

You can improve your CRS score by securing good marks in language tests such as IELTS. For instance, if you secure CLB level 9 in the language test, you can add a maximum of 136 direct points to your CRS rank. Similarly, appearing in a French language test can incur a maximum of 72 points.

Provincial Nominee Program

If you receive an ITA for a Nomination from a province in Canada, you will get 600 extra points added to your profile in Express Entry.

Get an LMIA Approved work offer

If you get an LMIA Labor Market Impact Assessment recognized job offer from a Canadian employer, you can receive a maximum of 200 points added to your CRS score.

Obtain education in Canada

If you complete a recognized Diploma or Degree in Canada, you can receive a maximum of 30 points. Including Common-Law Partner/ Spouse in the application

Including your Common-Law Partner/ Spouse in the application

This will fetch you extra points for 3 factors. The language proficiency of the Common-Law Partner/ Spouse will incur 20 points, while work experience and education in Canada will incur 10 points individually. Thus, you can add a maximum of 40 extra points to your Express Entry CRS score.

Work experience in Canada

You can add a maximum of 150 points to your CRS score if you have less than 3 years of full-time work experience and if you continue to be employed.